A note on person-first language: A number of past publications from our laboratory regrettably used stigmatizing and dehumanizing labels such as “inmate” and “offender” to describe participants in our studies. Although we are unable to change the language included in past publications, we no longer use such terms in our work.


Cohen TR, Fronk GE, Kiehl KA, Curtin JJ, and Koenigs M. (2024) Clarifying the relationship between mental illness and recidivism using machine learning: A retrospective study. PLOS ONE, 19, 2. pdf


Deming P, Cook CJ, Meyerand ME, Kiehl KA, Kosson DS, and Koenigs M. (2023) Impaired salience network switching in psychopathy. Behavioural Brain Research, 452, 114570. pdf

Motzkin JC, Hiser J, Carroll I, Wolf R, Baskaya MK, Koenigs M, and Atlas LY. (2023) Human ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions enhance the effect of expectations on pain perception. Cortex, 166, 188-206. pdf


Deming P, Heilicher M, and Koenigs M. (2022) How reliable are amygdala findings in psychopathy? A systematic review of MRI studies. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 142, 104875.

Rodrik O, Weaver SS, Kiehl KA, and Koenigs M. (2022) Correlates of externalizing psychopathology in incarcerated men. Psychological Assessment, 34, 912-922.

Deming P, Eisenbarth H, Rodrik O, Weaver SS, Kiehl KA, and Koenigs M. (2022) An examination of autonomic and facial responses to prototypical facial emotion expressions in psychopathy. PLOS ONE, 17, e0270713.

Weaver SS, Dargis M, Kiehl KA, and Koenigs M. (2022) Criminal histories and rates of recidivism among two subtypes of psychopathic individuals. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 49, 471-491. pdf


Schneider BS, Arciniegas DB, Harenski C, Clarke GJB, Kiehl KA, and Koenigs M. (2021) The prevalence, characteristics, and psychiatric correlates of traumatic brain injury in incarcerated individuals: An examination in two independent samples. Brain Injury, 35, 1690-1701.

Korponay C and Koenigs M. (2021) Gray matter correlates of impulsivity in psychopathy and in the general population differ by kind, not by degree: A comparison of systematic reviews. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 16, 683-695. pdf

Hiser JS, Schneider BS, and Koenigs M. (2021) Uncertainty potentiates neural and cardiac responses to visual stimuli in anxiety disorders. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. pdf


Deming P, Dargis M, Haas BW, Brook M, Decety J, Harenski C, Kiehl KA, Koenigs M, & Kosson DS. (2020) Psychopathy is associated with fear-specific reductions in neural activity during affective perspective-taking. NeuroImage, 223, 117342. pdf

Deming P & Koenigs M. (2020) Functional neural correlates of psychopathy: a meta-analysis of MRI data. Translational Psychiatry, 10, 1-8. pdf

Weaver SS, Kroska EB, Ross MC, Sartin-Tarm A, Sellnow KA, Schaumberg K, Kiehl KA, Koenigs M, & Cisler J. (2020) Sacrificing Reward to Avoid Threat: Characterizing PTSD in the Context of a Trauma-Related Approach-Avoidance Conflict Task. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 129, 457. pdf

Sajous-Turner A, Anderson NE, Widdows M, Nyalakanti P, Harenski KA, Harenski CL, Koenigs M, Decety J, & Kiehl KA. (2020) Aberrant brain gray matter in murderers. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 1-12. pdf

Pardini M, Grafman J, Raymont V, Amore M, Serafini G, Koenigs M, & Krueger F. (2020) Left rostrolateral prefrontal cortex lesions reduce suicidal ideation in penetrating traumatic brain injury. CNS Spectrums, 25, 24-31. pdf


Espinoza F, Anderson NE, Vergara VM, Harenski CL, Decety J, Rachakonda S, Damaraju E, Koenigs M, Kosson D, Harenski KA, Calhoun VD, & Kiehl KA. (2019) Resting-state fMRI dynamic functional network connectivity and associations with psychopathy traits. NeuroImage: Clinical, 24, 101970. pdf

Anderson NE, Harenski KA, Harenski CL, Koenigs M, Decety J, Calhoun VD, & Kiehl KA. (2019) Machine learning of brain gray matter differentiates sex in a large forensic sample. Human Brain Mapping, 40, 1496-1506. pdf

Dargis M, Caldwell M, Sitney M, Edwards B, Caldwell B, Harenski CL, Anderson NE, Van Rybroek G, Koenigs M, & Kiehl KA. (2019) Development of an expert-rate assessment of trauma history in a high-risk youth forensic sample. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 11, 73-721. pdf


Hiser JS & Koenigs M. (2018) The multifaceted role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex in emotion, decision-making, social cognition, and psychopathology. Biological Psychiatry, 83, 638-647. pdf

Dargis M & Koenigs M. (2018) Personality traits differentiate subgroups of criminal offenders with distinct cognitive, affective, and behavioral profiles. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45, 984-1007. pdf

Simmonite M, Harenski C, Kiehl KA, Koenigs M, & Kosson DS. (2018) Testing the Left Hemisphere Activation hypothesis in psychopathic offenders using the Stroop task. Personality and Individual Differences, 135, 182-187. pdf

Dargis M, Wolf RC, & Koenigs, M. (2018) Psychopathic traits are associated with reduced fixations to the eye region of fearful faces. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127, 43-50. pdf

Kiehl KA, Anderson NE, Aharoni E, Maurer JM, Harenski KA, Rao V, Claus ED, Harenski C, Koenigs M, Decety J, Kosson D, Wager T, Calhoun VD, & Steele VR. (2018) Age of gray matters: Neuroprediction of recidivism. Neuroimage: Clinical, 19, 813-823. pdf

Miskovich TA, Anderson NE, Harenski CL, Harenski KA, Baskin-Sommers AR, Larson CL, Newman JP, Hanson JL, Stout DM, Koenigs M, Shollenbarger SG, Lisdahl KM, Decety J, Kosson DS, Kiehl KA. (2018) Abnormal cortical gyrification in criminal psychopathy. NeuroImage: Clinical, 19, 876-882. pdf

Crooks D, Anderson NE, Widdows M, Petseva N, Koenigs M, Pluto C, & Kiehl KA. (2018) The relationship between cavum septum pellucidum and psychopathic traits in a large forensic sample. Neuropsychologia, 112, 95-104. pdf

Dargis M & Koenigs M. (2018) Two subtypes of psychopathic criminals differ in negative affect and history of childhood abuse. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 10, 444-451. pdf

Deming P, Philippi CL, Wolf RC, Dargis M, Kiehl KA, & Koenigs, M. (2018) Psychopathic traits linked to alterations in neural activity during personality judgments of self and others. Neuroimage: Clinical, 18, 575-581. pdf

Espinoza F, Vergara V, Reyes D, Anderson N, Harenski CL, Decety J, Rachakonda S, Damaraju E, Rashid B, Miller R, Koenigs M, Kosson D, Harenski KA, Kiehl KA, & Calhoun VD. (2018). Aberrant functional network connectivity in psychopathy from a large (N=985) forensic sample. Human Brain Mapping, 39, 2624-2634. pdf

Harenski CL, Calhoun VD, Bustillo JR, Haas BW, Decety J, Harenski KA, Caldwell MF, Van Rybroek GJ, Koenigs M, Thornton DM, & Kiehl KA. (2018). Functional connectivity during affective mentalizing in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders: Associations with clinical symptoms. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 271, 91-99. pdf


Schneider B & Koenigs M. (2017). Human lesion studies of ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 107, 84-93pdf

Korponay C, Pujara, MS, Deming P, Philippi CL, Decety J, Kosson, DS, Kiehl, KA, & Koenigs M. (2017) Impulsive-antisocial psychopathic traits linked to increased volume and functional connectivity within prefrontal cortex. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 12, 169-1178. pdf

Korponay C, Kosson DS, Decety J, Kiehl KA, & Koenigs M. (2017) Brain volume correlates with duration of abstinence from substance abuse in a region-specific and substance-specific manner. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2, 626-635. pdf

Anderson NE, Steele VR, Maurer JM, Rao V, Koenigs MR, Decety J, Kosson DS, Calhoun VD, & Kiehl KA. (2017) Differentiating emotional processing and attention in psychopathy with functional neuroimaging. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 491-515. pdf

Harenski CL, Brook M, Kosson DS, Bustillo, JR, Harenski KA, Caldwell MF, Van Rybroek GJ, Koenigs M, Decety J, Thornton DM, Calhoun VD, & Kiehl KA. (2017) Socio-neuro risk factors for suicidal behavior in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 12, 70-80. pdf

Dargis M. & Koenigs M. (2017) Witnessing domestic violence during childhood is associated with psychopathic traits in adult male criminal offenders. Law and Human Behavior, 41, 173-179. pdf

Korponay C, Pujara MS, Deming P, Philippi C, Decety J, Kosson DS, Kiehl KA, & Koenigs M. (2017) Impulsive-antisocial dimension of psychopathy linked to enlargement and abnormal functional connectivity of the striatum. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2:149-157. pdf

Dargis M, Wolf RC, & Koenigs M. (2017) Reversal learning deficits in criminal offenders: Effects of psychopathy and childhood maltreatment history. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39, 189-197. pdf


Fede SJ, Harenski CL, Schaich Borg J, Sinnott-Armstrong W, Rao V, Caldwell BM, Nyalakanti PK, Koenigs M, Decety J, Calhoun VD, & Kiehl KA. (2016) Abnormal fronto-limbic engagement in incarcerated stimulant users during moral processing. Psychopharmacology, 233, 3077-3087. pdf

Fede SJ, Schaich Borg J, Nyalakanti PK, Cope LM, Harenski CL, Sinnott-Armstrong W, Koenigs M, Calhoun VD, & Kiehl KA. (2016) Distinct neuronal activation patterns of positive and negative moral processing in psychopathy. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neurosciencepdf

Herbort MC, Soch J, Wustenberg T, Krauel K, Pujara MS, Koenigs M, Gallinat J, Walter H, Roepke S, & Schott BH. (2016) A negative relationship between ventral striatal loss anticipation response and impulsivity in Borderline Personality Disorder. Neuroimage: Clinical, 12, 724-736. pdf

Wolf RC, Pujara, MS, Baskaya MK, & Koenigs M. (2016) Emotion recognition deficits associated with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions are improved by gaze manipulation. Cortex, 82, 255-262. pdf

Pujara MS, Philippi CL, Motzkin JC, Baskaya MK, & Koenigs M. (2016) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex damage is associated with decreased ventral striatum volume and response to reward. Journal of Neuroscience, 36, 5047-5054. pdf

Dargis M, Newman JP, & Koenigs M. (2016) Clarifying the link between childhood abuse history and psychopathic traits in adult criminal offenders. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 7, 221-228. pdf


Pujara MS, Wolf RC, Baskaya MK, & Koenigs M. (2015) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex damage alters relative risk tolerance for prospective gains and losses. Neuropsychologia, 79, 70-75. pdf

Philippi C, Motzkin JC, Pujara M, & Koenigs M. (2015) Subclinical depression severity is associated with distinct patterns of functional connectivity for subregions of anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 71, 103-111. pdf

Caldwell BM, Harenski C, Harenski K, Fede S, Koenigs M, Kiehl K, & Steele V. (2015) Abnormal frontostriatal activity in recently abstinent cocaine users during implicit moral processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9. pdf

Wolf RC, Pujara MS, Motzkin JC, Newman JP, Kiehl K, Decety J, Kosson DS, & Koenigs M. (2015) Interpersonal traits of psychopathy linked to reduced integrity of the uncinate fasciculus. Human Brain Mapping, 36, 4202-4209pdf

Philippi CL, Pujara M, Motzkin JC, Newman J, Kiehl KA, & Koenigs M. (2015) Altered resting-state functional connectivity in cortical networks in psychopathy. Journal of Neuroscience, 35, 6068-6078. pdf

Wolf RC & Koenigs M. (2015) Brain imaging research on violence and aggression: Pitfalls and possibilities for criminal justice. Science in the Courtroom, 1. pdf

Caldwell JZK, Armstrong JM, Hanson JL, Sutterer MJ, Stodola DE, Koenigs M, Kalin NH, Essex MJ, & Davidson RJ. (2015) Preschool externalizing behavior predicts gender-specific variation in adolescent neural structure. PLOS ONE, 10, e0117453. pdf

Motzkin JC, Philippi CL, Oler J, Kalin N, Baskaya M, & Koenigs M. (2015) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex damage alters resting blood flow to the bed nucleus of stria terminalis. Cortex, 64, 281-288. pdf

Motzkin JC, Philippi CL, Wolf RC, Baskaya MK, & Koenigs M. (2015) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex is critical for the regulation of amygdala activity in humans. Biological Psychiatry, 77, 276-284. pdf


Motzkin JC, Philippi CL, Wolf RC, & Koenigs M. (2014) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions alter neural and physiological correlates of anticipation. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 10430-10437. pdf

Rosas A & Koenigs M. (2014) Beyond “utilitarianism”: Maximizing the clinical impact of moral judgment research. Social Neuroscience, 9, 661-667. pdf

Philippi CL & Koenigs M. (2014) The neuropsychology of self-reflection in psychiatric illness. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 54, 55-63. pdf

Wolf RC, Philippi CL, Motzkin JC, Baskaya MK, & Koenigs M. (2014) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex mediates visual attention during facial emotion recognition. Brain, 137, 1772-1780. pdf

Motzkin JC, Baskin-Sommers A, Newman JP, Kiehl K, & Koenigs M. (2014) Neural correlates of substance abuse: Reduced functional connectivity between areas underlying reward and cognitive control. Human Brain Mapping, 35, 4282-92pdf

Taber-Thomas BC, Asp EW, Koenigs M, Sutterer M, Anderson SW, & Tranel D. (2014) Arrested development: Early prefrontal lesions impair the maturation of moral judgment. Brain, 137, 1254-1261. pdf

Pujara M, Motzkin JC, Newman JP, Kiehl KA, & Koenigs M. (2014) Neural correlates of reward and loss sensitivity in psychopathy. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 9, 794-801. pdf

Pujara M & Koenigs M. (2014) Mechanisms of reward circuit dysfunction in psychiatric illness: Prefrontal-striatal interactions. The Neuroscientist, 20, 82-95. pdf


Myers-Schulz B, Pujara M, Wolf R, & Koenigs M. (2013) Inherent emotional quality of human speech sounds. Cognition and Emotion, 27, 1105-1113. pdf

Koenigs M. (2013) The neuropsychology of disgust. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 8, 121-122. pdf

Barbey A.K, Koenigs M, & Grafman J. (2013) Dorsolateral prefrontal contributions to human working memory. Cortex, 49, 1195-1205. pdf


Koenigs, M. (2012). The role of prefrontal cortex in psychopathy. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 23, 253-265. pdf

Koenigs, M., Kruepke, M., Zeier, J., & Newman, J. P. (2012). Utilitarian moral judgment in psychopathy. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 708-714. pdf

Ly, M., Motzkin, J. C., Philippi, C. L., Kirk, G. R., Newman, J. P., Kiehl, K. A., & Koenigs, M. (2012). Cortical thinning in psychopathy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 743-749. pdf

Pardini, M., Krueger, F., Koenigs, M., Raymont, V., Hodgkinson, C., Zoubak, S., Goldman, D., & Grafman, J. (2012). Fatty-acid amide hydrolase polymorphisms and post-traumatic stress disorder after penetrating brain injury. Translational Psychiatry, 2, e75. pdf

Young, L., Koenigs, M., Kruepke, M., & Newman, J. P. (2012). Psychopathy increases perceived moral permissibility of accidents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121659-667. pdf

Myers-Schulz, B. & Koenigs, M. (2012). Functional anatomy of ventromedial prefrontal cortex: Implications for mood and anxiety disorders. Molecular Psychiatry, 17, 132-141. pdf


Motzkin, J., Newman, J. P., Kiehl, K., & Koenigs M. (2011). Reduced prefrontal connectivity in psychopathy. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 17348-17357. pdf

Koenigs, M., Acheson, D. J., Barbey, A. K., Solomon, J., Postle, B. R., & Grafman, J. (2011). Areas of left perisylvian cortex mediate auditory-verbal short-term memory. Neuropsychologia, 49, 3612-3619. pdf

Nguyen, C. M., Koenigs, M., Yamada, T. H., Teo, S. H., Cavanaugh, J. E., Tranel, D., & Denburg, N. L. (2011). Trustworthiness and negative affect predict economic decision making. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 748-759. pdf

Koenigs, M., Baskin-Sommers, A., Zeier, J., & Newman, J. P. (2011). Investigating the neural correlates of psychopathy: A critical review. Molecular Psychiatry, 16(8), 792-799. pdf

Barbey, A. K., Koenigs, M., & Grafman, J. (2011). Orbitofrontal contributions to human working memory. Cerebral Cortex, 21(4), 789-795. pdf


Koenigs, M., Kruepke, M., & Newman, J. P. (2010). Economic decision-making in psychopathy: a comparison with ventromedial prefrontal lesion patients. Neuropsychologia, 48(7), 2198-2204. pdf

Koenigs, M., Holliday, J., Solomon, J., & Grafman, J. (2010). Left dorsomedial frontal brain damage is associated with insomnia. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(47), 16041-16043. pdf

Knutson, K. M., Krueger, F., Koenigs, M., Hawley, A., Escobedo, J. R., Vasudeva, V., Adolphs, R., & Grafman, J. (2010). Behavioral norms for condensed moral vignettes. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 5(4), 378-384. pdf


Koenigs, M., Ukueberuwa, D., Campion, P., Grafman, J., & Wassermann, E. (2009). Bilateral frontal transcranial direct current stimulation: Failure to replicate classic findings in healthy subjects. Clinical Neurophysiology, 120(1), 80-84. pdf

Koenigs, M. & Grafman, J. (2009). Posttraumatic stress disorder: The role of medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala. The Neuroscientist, 15(5), 540-548. pdf

Koenigs, M. & Grafman, J. (2009). Prefrontal asymmetry in depression? The long-term effect of unilateral brain lesions. Neuroscience Letters, 459(2), 88-90. pdf

Koenigs, M. & Grafman, J. (2009). The functional neuroanatomy of depression: Distinct roles for ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Behavioural Brain Research, 201(2), 239-243. pdf

Koenigs, M., Barbey, A. K., Postle, B. R., & Grafman, J. (2009). Superior parietal cortex is critical for the manipulation of information in working memory. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(47), 14980-14986. pdf

Gozzi, M., Raymont, V., Solomon, J., Koenigs, M., & Grafman, J. (2009). Dissociable effects of prefrontal and anterior temporal cortical lesions on stereotypical gender attitudes. Neuropsychologia, 47(10), 2125-2132. pdf


Koenigs, M. & Tranel, D. (2008). Prefrontal cortex damage abolishes brand-cued changes in cola preference. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 3(1), 1-6. pdf

Koenigs, M., Huey, E. D., Raymont, V., Cheon, B., Solomon, J., Wassermann, E. M., & Grafman, J. (2008). Focal brain damage protects against post-traumatic stress disorder in combat veterans. Nature Neuroscience, 11(2), 232-237. pdf

Koenigs, M., Huey, E. D., Calamia, M., Raymont, V., Tranel, D., & Grafman, J. (2008). Distinct regions of prefrontal cortex mediate resistance and vulnerability to depression. The Journal of Neuroscience, 28(47), 12341-12348. pdf


Young, L. & Koenigs, M. (2007). Investigating emotion in moral cognition: A review of evidence from functional neuroimaging and neuropsychology. British Medical Bulletin, 84, 69-79. pdf

Koenigs, M., Young, L., Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Cushman, F., Hauser, M., & Damasio, A. (2007). Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements. Nature, 446(7138), 908-911. pdf

Koenigs, M. & Tranel, D. (2007). Irrational economic decision-making after ventromedial prefrontal damage: Evidence from the ultimatum game. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(4), 951-956. pdf


Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Koenigs, M., & Damasio, A. R. (2005). Preferring one taste over another without recognizing either. Nature Neuroscience, 8(7), 860-861. pdf